The 52nd Kachin Revolution Day in Australia, 2012

On February 5, 2012, KAA commemorated the 52nd Kachin Revolution Day and 51st anniversary of the revolution.

In the commemoration, KAA had a prayer service to honour the fallen and for the Kachin people to triumph over the oppression they suffered for many decades. Chanting The Kachin National Anthem and delivering the 52nd Kachin Revolution Day message were also part of the occasion. KAA Sydney, Melbourne and Kachin community Queensland commemorated the occasion respectively.

Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) formed its military wing Kachin Independence Army (KIA) on February 5, 1961.The KIO/KIA emerged to get the rights which belonged to the Kachin people and also written in the Panglong Agreement but dissolved by the Burman-led government. The agreement is a historic charter between ethnic minorities and the Burman ethnic. The ethnic leaders of Chin, Kachin and Shan signed on the agreement together with the Burman leader General Aung San at Panglong Conference on February 12, 1947. Long before the agreement each ethnic group lived in their autonomous regions, the idea of the agreement was to establish a Federal Union of Burma with equal rights to all ethnics and to demand independence from the British Empire with one voice. As a result, this agreement brought independence to Burma from the British Empire in 1948.

However, after the independence the Burman-led government failed to follow the agreement and tried to Burmanise the whole country. It became clear that political and meaningful dialogue could not solve the problem. Therefore, KIA was established to fight for the rights and freedom of Kachin people.

In 1961 the Prime Minister of Burma at the time U Nu declared Buddhism as the state religion while majority of ethnic minorities such as Chin, Kachin and Karen were Christians. This caused more tension between the Burman-led government and ethnic groups. The Burman Administration has been in power and controlling all ethnic regions and states until now.
After many years of fighting and peace talk attempts, KIO and the government signed cease fire agreement on February 24, 1994. This agreement was not to disarm but for further political dialogue and negotiation with the government peacefully.

Between 2004 and 2007, Burmese military junta held a National Convention to introduce new constitution. This new constitution was lacking ethnic minority rights. Even so, KIO took part in the convention and presented a statement behalf of all Kachin people. In spite of the statement being based only on the idea of forming multi-ethnic Federal union and self-determined Kachin state, the Burmese junta objected it without further discussion. Starting from early 2009, Burmese military regime forced KIO/KIA to transform into Border Guard Force (BGF) and to come under Burmese army control. KIO refused the transformation and stood firm on getting equal rights for Kachin people. The tension between the two sides escalated gradually. The political situation deteriorated rapidly and in September 2010 the relationship between KIO and Burmese military regime came to an end. After 16 years of negotiation, no mutual agreement has been achieved between KIO and the Burmese junta.

On June 9, 2011, Burmese troops based in the Kachin State started attacking a Kachin post, this triggered fighting and the truce was broken between KIA and Burmese army. The fighting quickly spread out in Kachin State and also in Shan State. Currently the conflict is still continuing and tens of thousands of Internally Displaced Persons fled from their homes and towns.

52nd Kachin Revolution Day in Australia

52nd Kachin Revolution Day in Sydney.

52nd Kachin Revolution Day in Australia

52nd Kachin Revolution Day in Sydney.

52nd Kachin Revolution Day in Australia

Delivering 52nd Kachin Revolution Day message, Melbourne.

52nd Kachin Revolution Day in Australia

Honouring the flag and the fallen, Melbourne.

The 52nd Kachin Revolution Day message, 2012